While there is ample literature on the Holocaust, published material on Christians resisting Hitler’s regime is relatively scarce. This presentation will offer an introduction to the stance of the Catholic and Protestant churches in Germany during the Third Reich and highlight the stories of five Christian martyrs whose faith inspired them to oppose Hitler’s regime. They are Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a Lutheran pastor; Franz Jaggerstaetter, a Catholic Austrian layman and father; Sophie Scholl, a university student; Jochen Klepper, a poet and hymn writer; and Rupert Mayer, the first German Jesuit of our time to be beatified.
Annemarie S. Kidder, Ph.D., is an IHM associate, a Presbyterian pastor and associate professor at the Ecumenical Theological Seminary, Detroit. She has written and edited many theological books, including Ultimate Price: Testimonies of Christians Who Resisted the Third Reich (Orbis Books 2012); the collection of Karl Rahner’s sermons and essays, titled The Mystical Way in Everyday Life (Orbis Books 2012), and Etty Hillesum: Essential Writings (Orbis Books 2009).